30th November 1822. Nafplio was liberated after a many-month long siege. Not through a direct attack, but secretly and silently.
On a rainy, moonless night, the Greeks caught wind that the besieged Ottomans inside had left one side of the castle unguarded. This was due to the extreme deprivation and hardships on the inside, leading to the Ottomans being only semi-conscious. It was in these circumstances that Staikos Staikopoulos led 350 fighters plus 30 German philhellenes on the front line. They climbed ladders up the castle walls to enter Palamidi, passing one fortification after another without much resistance. The next morning, the day before Saint Andrew’s day, cannons were heard as the blue and white flag was raised over the city. This is where some of the most fascinating and formative events would take place in modern Greek history. The reclaiming of Nafplio was a truly important event, “un événement majeur”, as Ioannis Kapodistrias described in a letter to his brother just a month and a half later. Unlike other Greek cities, Nafplio was never re-occupied by the Ottomans.
Places connected to the siege of Tripolitsa and the man behind the liberation of the city, Theodoros Kolokotronis: the battle of Upper Doliana (18th May, 1821); Valtetsi, the place where the Greek first defeated the Ottomans on the battlefield (12th – 13th May, 1821);
Kolokotronis’ seat, where the Elder of Morias watched over Tripoli as it was being besieged (June – 23 September, 1821); Tripoli and the public monuments in the city that commemorate and honor the heroes of Independence.
Places and monuments connected to important events of the first two years of the Greek Revolution: First National Assembly at Epidaurus (20th December 1821 – 15th January 1822); the handing over of Acrocorinth to the Greeks plus the presence of the Greek government in Corinth (January – May 1821); Dramali’s expedition and defeat in the Peloponnese (July – November 1822).
Birthplaces, meeting points, hiding places and strongholds of great fighters of the Revolution.
On 23rd March, 1821, Kalamata was peacefully liberated from the Ottomans. That afternoon, the people of Kalamata gathered outside the Church of the Holy Apostles by the river Nedontas to witness the first ever church service to be performed as a free people.
Leaders of the fight for independence, including Theodoros Kolokotronis, Anagnostaras, Nikitaras, Papaflessas and Petrobei Mavromichalis, as well as around 2000 fighters from Mani attended the ceremony. The Revolution was just beginning…
Here you can visit the birthplaces, hiding places, strongholds, homes and execution places of great fighters and political figures of the Revolution, such as Theodoros Kolokotronis (1770-1843), Dimitrios Papatsonis (d. 1798-1825), Ioannis Dikaios (d. 1825), Androusis Iosif (1770-1844).
Visit the villages, fortresses, battlefields and monuments of the Ottoman-Egyptian military operations led by Ibrahim Pasha in the Peloponnese
(February 1825 – October 1828): the battles of Schinolaka (16/17th of March, 1825) and battle of Kremidia (7th of April 1825), Ibrahim’s occupation of Sfachtirias (26th of April 1825) and Niokastro (6th May 1825), the battle of Maniaki (20th May 1825) and the Naval Battle of Navarino (27th October 1827).